Brain and Consciousness

Leader

Research center

45 rue d’Ulm
75230 Paris
Marc Mézard

Institution

ENS
CNRS
EHESS
ED158 ED 474
Université Paris Descartes - Université Pierre et Marie Curie

Laboratory

Institut d'Etudes de la Cognition
UMR 8554
Institut d'Etudes Cognitives

Mots clefs

consciousness
perception
neuroimaging
Psychophysics
Brain function
Available to host a PhD student

publications

#Bastian, M., #Sackur, J. (2013). Mind-Wandering at the fingertips: automatic parsing of subjective states based on response time variability. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 1 -- 11.

#Kouider, S., Stahlhut, C., Gelskov, S., #Barbosa, L, de Gardelle, V., Dutat, M., Dehaene, S., & Dehaene-Lambertz, G. (2013).A neural marker of perceptual consciousness in infants. Science, 50(14), 3736?3744.

#Sackur, J.(2013). Two dimensions of visibility revealed by multidimensional scaling of metacontrast, Cognition, (in press).

Faivre, N., Charron, S., Roux, P., Lehericy, S., & #Kouider, S. (2012). Nonconscious Emotional Processing Involves Distinct Neural Pathways for Pictures and Videos. Neuropsychologia, 50(14), 3736?3744.

Faivre, N., Berthet, V. & #Kouider, S. (2012). Nonconscious influences from emotional faces: a comparison of visual crowding, masking, and continuous flash suppression. Frontiers in Consciousness Research, 3, 1?13.

Fields of research

Cognitive neurosciences / neuropsychology /neuroeconomy

Research Theme

Our team is composed of cognitive scientists working on the neurobiological and psychological foundations of consciousness. We are especially interested in how conscious and unconscious processes differ at both the psychological and neural level. We use various behavioral methods (e.g., priming, psychophysics) and brain imaging techniques (e.g., fMRI, EEG) to study how humans process things unconsciously (e.g., as in situations of subliminal perception, sleep or hypnosis) and compare it to situations of conscious processing. This approach offers the opportunity to understand the limits and extents of unconscious processes, the functional and physiological specificity of consciousness and, ultimately, why we need to be conscious at all.

Our research follows four main axes:
1. Unconscious perception : We study how the human brain processes information in the absence of consciousness. Our research uses unconscious stimulation methods such as subliminal priming, visual masking and crowding. We also study the depth of processing and learning capacities during sleep.
2. Perceptual awareness : Our research focuses on the neurocognitive mechanisms underlying conscious access, and the transition from unconscious contents to the conscious content. We are interested in taxonomy of states of consciousness, and in particular the possibility of an intermediate form called partial consciousness, engaging specific bayesian mechanisms.
3. Consciousness in infants : We study the development of consciousness in the babies, as well as its links with the parallel development of language and learning mechanisms, and metacognition.
4. Introspection: We study introspection, which corresponds to a reflexive form of consciousness, as well as its neural basis.

Lab rotation

Brain and (un)consciousness

Chercheur responsable: 

KOUIDER Sid

Dates: 

1 September 2016 - 30 June 2017

Date limite de candidature: 

1 April 2016

Lab rotation proposal

~ Sep-Dec 2016 ~ Jan-March 2017 ~ Apr-June 2017

Project

Our lab explores the neural mechanisms of consciousness through 2 types of projects: 1) Brain responsiveness and learning during sleep 2) Development of higher-order cognitive mechanisms associated with consciousness (attention, decision-marking, confidence, etc) in the infant brain.

Address:  Laboratoire de Sciences Cognitives et Psycholinguistique - Ecole Normale Supérieure - 29, rue d'Ulm 75005 Paris 

Phone number: +33 1 44 32 26 22 ; Email: sid.kouider@ens.fr 

Website

Superviseur: 

Sid KOUIDER